The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is the moment of the third world countries is an alternative bloc of nations which had the aim to keep these countries away from the superpower rivalry. Following the principle of the Panchsheel as initiated by the late Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru at a conference at Bandung (Indonesia) in April 1955 the non-aligned movement was born in September 1961 with the first Summit meeting of the non aligned countries of Belgrade in Yugoslavia. President Tito of Yugoslavis, Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru of India and President Nasser of Egypt were the founding fathers of the moment. Among the other founder members of the NAM were Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus, U Nu of Burma, President Sukarno of Indonesia, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Emperor Haile Sellasie of Ethiopia and King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah of Nepal. The basic principal of Non Aligned Movement was to keep away as far as possible from the power blocs or from the group of countries aligned against each other and to keep close terms of friendship and cooperation with both America and Russia.
The first meeting of NAM was attended by 25 member countries. i.e. Afghanistan, Algeria, Burma, Cambodia, Ceylon, Congo, Cuba, Cyprus, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Lebanon, Mali, Morocco, Nepal, Somalia, Yemen and Yugoslavia. It currently had 120 members and 17 observer countries.
The NAM celebrated its 25th (Silver Jublee) meeting at Harare in 1986. Despite of its enlarged membership of NAM its basic aim is always in favour of World Peace, Disarmament, Development and Freedom for all countries.
The 17th NAM meeting was held in Venezuela on Sept 17-18, 2016. The theme of this meeting was “Peace, Sovereignty and Solidarity for Development” at the end of the summit Iran handed over the rotating presidency of the movement to Venezuela.
The Republic of Azerbaijan was elected as the president of the movement, with the 2019 summit due to be held in Baku.